ETHYL ACETATE Definition
ETHYL ACETATE is a kind of ester with a characteristic sweet smell (similar to fruits) and is used primarily as a solvent and diluent in nitrocellulose and cellulose acetate lacquers and as an activator or hardener in paint and rubber industry, Ethyle Acetate also has a main use in print and packaging industry as inks for printing machine such as Flexo, Helios and Rotogravure. It also be used in the food industry in the preparation of synthetic fruit essences and flavours. In the pharmaceutical industry it is an important component in the concentration and purification of antibiotics. Ethyl acetate also used as a solvent in a wide range of other applications, including solvent based coatings, artificial leather, adhesives, perfumes, photographic films, polyester films, BOPP films and aluminum foils.
Ethyl acetate is used primarily as a solvent and diluent, being favored because of its low cost, low toxicity, and agreeable odor. Ethyl acetate is the ester of ethanol and acetic acid; it is manufactured on a large scale for use as a solvent.
ETHYL ACETATE is also well known as Ethyl ethanoate, Acetic acid ethyl ester, Acetoxyethane, Ethyl acetic ester
ETHYL ACETATE Applications
- Main use of Ethyl acetate is in the manufacture of nitrocellulose and cellulose acetate lacquers
- Used as a solvent component in adhesives
- Used in spread-coating compounds for artificial leather
- Used in organic syntheses (esters, drugs)
- Used as extractant (extraction of water from foods in a vacuum)
- Used as a gelling agent in the manufacture of powder
- Used in essences and perfumes and denaturants
- Used as an auxiliary in the manufacture of glazed and transparent paper
- Used as an additive to polishes
- Used in a variety of coating formulations such as epoxies, urethanes, cellulosics, acrylics and vinyls (More) Applications for these coatings are numerous including wood furniture and fixtures, agricultural, construction and mining equipment, auto refinishing, and maintenance and marine uses.
- Used as a solvent in inks for flexographic and rotogravure printing(More) where its main function is to dissolve the resin, control the viscosity and modify the drying rate.
- Used as an extraction solvent in the production of pharmaceuticals and food
- Used as a carrier solvent for herbicides
- can be used as a viscosity reducer for resins used in photoresist formulations in the electronics industry.
- Moderately polar solvent that has the advantages of being volatile
- Relatively non-toxic
- Weak hydrogen bond acceptor
- Boiling point of 77 °C (171°F)
- Melting Point -83.8°C (-118.5°F)
- Flash Point -4°C (24°F)
- Solubility 50 to 100 mg/mL at 70°F (more) very soluble in acetone, benzene
- Miscible with ethanol, ethyl ether, chloroform
- Density 0.902 at 68°F, 0.9003 g/cu cm at 20°C
- Vapor Density 3.04 (Air = 1)
- Vapor Pressure 73 mm Hg at 68°F, 100 mm Hg at 81° F, 93.2 mm Hg at 25°C
- Viscosity 0.423 mPa.s at 25 °C
- Heat of Combustion 2238.1 kJ/mol
- Heat of Vaporization 35.60 kJ/mol at 25 °C
- Surface Tension 24 DYNES/CM AT 20 °C
- Ionization Potential 10.01 eV
- Odor Threshold Ethyl acetate has a fruity odor and an odor threshold of 3.9 ppm. Detection in air: 3.6-1.120 mg cu/m