Urea also known as carbamide is a compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids. Urea is a nitrogenous compound containing a carbonyl group attached to two amine groups with osmotic diuretic activity. In vivo, carbamide is formed in the liver via the urea cycle from ammonia and is the final end product of protein metabolism. Administration of urea elevates blood plasma osmolality, resulting in enhanced flow of water from tissues, including the brain, cerebrospinal fluid and eye, into interstitial fluid and plasma, thereby decreasing pressure in those tissues and increasing urine outflow. Urea is a highly soluble organic compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids. carbamide is formed in a cyclic pathway known simply as the urea cycle. In this cycle, amino groups donated by ammonia and L-aspartate are converted to carbamide. Urea is essentially a waste product; it has no physiological function. It is dissolved in blood (in humans in a concentration of 2. 5 – 7. 5 mmol/liter) and excreted by the kidney in the urine. In addition, a small amount of urea is excreted (along with sodium chloride and water) in human sweat. Urea is found to be associated with primary hypomagnesemia, which is an inborn error of metabolism.
Iran exports its urea to Afghanistan, Iraq, Turkey due to its Turkish shareholder. We also export our products in European and South American markets.
1. Adhesives and sealant chemicals
2. Agricultural chemicals (non-pesticidal)
3. Cleaning Products
4. Distributed to wholesale suppliers. Final use not known to Agrium.
6. Finishing agents
7. Fuels and fuel additives
8. Functional fluids (open systems)
10. Lubricants and lubricant additives
11. Not known or reasonably ascertainable
12. Odor agents
13. Oxidizing/reducing agents
14. Plastic and resin manufacturing. Final use not specifically known to Agrium.
16. Pollution Abatement
17. Pollution control.
18. Processing aids, not otherwise listed
19. Processing aids, specific to petroleum production
20. Repackaging/chemical distribution
21. Solids separation agents
1. Molecular Formula : CH4N2O
2. Almost odorless
3. White crystals or powder
4. Melting Point 132 °C to 135 °C
5. Water Solubility 545000 mg/L
6. Density 1.3230 @ 20 °C /4 °C
7. PH 7.2 (10% solution)